What Are the Side Effects of Dry Needling?

Dry needling is a technique that is used by various health care professionals including physicians, physical therapists and chiropractors. It is also called intramuscular stimulation or trigger point dry needling. The method is often applied to alleviate pain caused by musculoskeletal disorders such as arthritis, fibromyalgia, and migraine headaches. However, this type of therapy can produce side effects.


Dry needling of MTrPs has been shown to be effective in reducing pain in the short and medium term. It also reduces secondary hyperalgesia over the referred pain area. Moreover, dry needling is safe. In addition, it can be used to prevent pain after total knee arthroplasty.

Several studies have indicated that myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) are associated with central sensitization. Some researchers have also suggested that MTrPs are associated with knee osteoarthritis. However, there are limitations to these findings. For example, the prevalence of MPS in osteoarthritis patients is high.

One study has proposed that MTrPs are responsible for peripheral sensitization. Furthermore, a number of authors have suggested that MTrPs are associated to nonspecific shoulder pain. Therefore, it is important to treat MTrPs to prevent further pain.

A randomized, double-blinded, controlled clinical trial has been conducted to evaluate the effects of dry needling of MTrPs. Among the goals of the trial was to determine whether DN was effective in controlling pain in the short, medium, and long terms. MTrPs are characterized by localized spots that cause pain due to decreased bloodflow. As a result, these spots are hyperirritable.

To assess the effects of DN on MTrPs, a study was performed on 66 patients aged 65 and older with MTrPs in the infraspinatus. Each patient was evaluated before and after four months of treatment. During the first month, the visual analogue scale was used to assess pain intensity. After the intervention, the numeric rating scale was used to evaluate pain.

The primary outcome of the trial was the average pain intensity assessed daily for 7 days. In the T group, subjects received dry needling only for hyperalgesic active MTrPs. The results showed that a reduction in the average pain intensity was achieved in one month. This is in line with the natural history of MTrP pain.

Among the other objectives of the study was to examine whether dry needling was effective in the control of myofascial pain after total knee arthroplasty. Compared to placebo, dry needling of MTrPs was effective in decreasing pain and the need for postsurgical analgesics.

Musculoskeletal issues

Dry needling for muscular skeletal issues is a technique to treat pain and improve muscle function. It involves the use of a fine sterile needle to pierce the skin and target myofascial trigger points. This is often performed by a physical therapist.

Trigger points are hyperirritable spots within skeletal muscle. They are thought to develop when muscles are overused or injured. They may cause local pain or range of motion (ROM) limitations. A trigger point can be latent or active.

Studies have shown that dry needling has a moderate to large effect on the treatment of pain. Furthermore, it also showed a small but significant effect on functional outcomes.

There are few studies evaluating the effects of dry needling on long-term outcomes. Because of the limited data, it is important to be cautious when interpreting results.

Several meta-analyses have shown high heterogeneity and low internal validity. These findings were explained by the fact that the included studies differed in participant sample, intervention, and follow-up time. Nevertheless, the statistically significant treatment effect of dry needling was supported by the studies, and it is recommended to be used for the short-term management of musculoskeletal pain.

Dry needling is a safe and effective method for treating musculoskeletal disorders. However, it should not be administered to patients with a history of trypanophobia, or those who are pregnant.

Before determining whether or not dry needling for muscular skeletal issues is appropriate for you, it is important to discuss your medical history with your doctor. Some patients may need several treatments to achieve relief. Others may need only a single session.

Generally, it is important to wear loose clothing and to remain active to ensure your muscles do not get too strained. Patients will typically experience a brief cramping and soreness for a day or two.

While dry needling for muscular skeletal issues appears to be a viable treatment for a variety of musculoskeletal conditions, more high-quality studies are needed to determine its long-term effectiveness.

In summary, dry needling for muscular skeletal issues is an effective treatment for both acute and chronic pain. It has been shown to be more effective than sham treatments.

Neurophysiological evidence-based treatment

Trigger Point Dry Needling is a neurophysiological evidence-based treatment that reduces pain by stimulating the local twitch response. It is an effective treatment for chronic pain and many musculoskeletal conditions.

It is also used for post-operative rehabilitation and prevention of common injuries. In addition to being a safe and effective method of pain relief, it can increase flexibility and performance.

The benefits of dry needling include reducing inflammation, relaxing tense muscles, and resetting muscles that have become dysfunctional. Combined with manual therapy, it can be an excellent technique to alleviate chronic pain.

Currently, most spinal pain can be managed appropriately without risky procedures. However, some cases are more complicated. If a patient’s condition does not respond to a single treatment, additional interventions may be necessary to maintain pain relief. These interventions may include targeted tissue loading, mindfulness activities, and gradual exposure programs.

Trigger points are discrete hyperirritable spots in skeletal muscle that refer pain to nearby and distant areas of the body. These spots may have several causes. They can be caused by joint dysfunction, sinister pathology, or neurological problems. Some of these causes may contribute to central and peripheral sensitization of the brainstem.

A recent study conducted by Dr. Jo Nijs suggests that dry needling can affect both the central and peripheral nervous systems. Specifically, it can help to depolarize large diameter afferents in lamina V of the dorsal horn. This depolarization inhibits nociceptive information.

Dry needling is performed using a thin filament needle. Insertion of the needle is done at a specific angle and depth. It is recommended that a combination of physical therapy, manual therapy, and pain neuroscience education is used for this type of treatment.

Trigger Point Dry Needling is a safe, effective method of treating myofascial pain. The procedure has minimal risk of injury and can produce immediate results. Although studies have shown some benefits, more research is needed to understand its long-term effects. For now, the benefits of dry needling include immediate relief and a decreased risk of significant tissue trauma.

While there is some debate as to the benefits of Dry Needling, it should be considered as an integral part of a comprehensive physical therapy program.

Side effects

Dry needling is a non-invasive pain management technique that uses needles to reduce pain. It is used to treat various musculoskeletal disorders. However, there are some side effects of dry needling.

The majority of people don’t experience any serious negative side effects from dry needling. The most common problems include minor bruising and soreness. If these side effects occur, the discomfort will likely subside within a few hours.

In the event that these side effects persist, or become worse, patients should inform their therapist. Some people may experience an allergic reaction to the needles. They should also call their doctor immediately in case they notice signs of infection.

Unlike other invasive procedures, the risk of bruising and bleeding is very low. Bruising is easily cleaned up with an alcohol swab.

The main goal of dry needling is to stimulate the local twitch response. A local twitch response is a chemical response that occurs in response to microtrauma in the tissue. This triggers the central nervous system to reduce muscle pain.

During dry needling, a physical therapist inserts a small, thin needle into the tissue. The needle is then manipulated to release a tight knot, or trigger point. Trigger points are knots in muscle fibers that can be very painful. These knots cause muscle stiffness and decreased range of motion.

Trigger points can cause injuries, but if they are manipulated, they can help restore function and flexibility. Often, patients are able to exercise after a dry needling treatment.

If you are pregnant or have blood clotting problems, it is best to discuss the risks of dry needling with your therapist. Besides reducing pain, dry needling can help you regain mobility and improve your overall quality of life.

Despite the potential side effects of dry needling, there is no need to panic. Most side effects of dry needling are mild and will not result in significant injury. As with all other types of treatments, there are some risks involved.

Some dry needling methods can lead to ischemia, a lack of blood flow. Patients can experience soreness and fatigue after the procedure. Pain relief is usually rapid, but fatigue can last for up to two hours.

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